Clinical simulation is the use of technology, equipment and expertise to create guided experiences that replicate dynamic, complex and unanticipated medical situations. Clinical simulation takes place in a fully interactive manner, enabling learners to practice and learn essential skills in a safe environment.
Human performance in healthcare is strongly influenced by the situational context where the interaction between the task, the environment, and the behaviour of team members are taken into consideration. Extensive research shows that superior cognitive and technical skills are not enough to ensure safety: effective teamwork skills are a must.
Previously, clinical training was independent to each practice. Nurses trained with nurses and doctors trained with doctors, even though they practised in multi-disciplinary teams. Now, training replicates practice and simulation centres allow for safe environments using real and relevant scenarios and tools that do not interfere with day-to-day hospital and health care service delivery.
Benefits of simulation learning
- Facilitates acquisition, application and consolidation of knowledge.
- Offers opportunities to practice increasingly complex skills in a safe and supportive environment.
- Provides an environment to develop and test clinical judgment, and interact with team members.
- Fosters reflective practice, life long learning and increased culture of safety and team cohesion.