Cardiovascular surgery is the surgical treatment of diseases and disorders of the heart and blood vessels. Examples of cardiovascular surgery include open heart surgery such as coronary artery bypass grafting, heart valve replacements and vascular surgery such as abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs and femoral-tibial bypass grafting.
General surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal organs, e.g. intestines including esophagus, stomach, colon, liver, gallbladder and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland, breast surgery and hernias.
Gynaecology refers to the surgical specialty dealing with the health of the female reproductive system (uterus, vagina and ovaries).
Learn more on the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada website.
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The surgical specialty involved in the treatment of disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves.
A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye. Conditions include cataracts, glaucoma, and conjunctivitis, among others.
Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery
A dental specialty focusing on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, injuries and defects of the mouth, teeth and gums. Examples of oral surgery include removal of wisdom teeth, facial injury repair, cleft lip and palate repair, and repair of uneven jaws.
Learn more on the Canadian Association of Oral and Maxillo-facial Surgeons website.
The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention of injuries of the musculoskeletal system including the muscles, bones, spine, joints, ligaments, tendons, and nerves.
Learn more on the Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation's "Patient Education" and Patient Resources web pages.
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Otolaryngology - Ears, Nose and Throat (ENT)
Otolaryngology is the medical and surgical treatment of the head and neck, including ears, nose and throat.
Learn more on The Canadian Otolaryngological Society's website.
Plastics and Reconstructive
A surgical specialty that focuses on the repair, restoration or improvement of conditions or injuries to the skin and external features resulting from disease, injury or birth defects.
Learn more on the Canadian Society of Plastic Surgeon website.
Learn more about breast reconstruction in VIHA.
A surgical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the chest, including the ribs and lungs.
A surgical specialty that deals with problems affecting the urinary tract including kidneys, bladder, and prostate.
Learn more on the Canadian Urological Association
Learn more on The Prostate Centre website
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